November 24, 2020
How to install wkhtmltopdf on ubuntu 20.04 lts

How to Install and Using wkhtmltopdf on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

On this article we will learn how to install wkhtmltodpf version 0.12.6 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For installation on CentOS 7 you can see on How to Install and Using wkhtmltopdf on CentOS article.

Introduction

As a developer or user, sometimes in some cases, we face the situation where we need a tools for rendering an HTML document to be a PDF file for easy reporting and subscriptions. These tools have to run entirely “headless” and do not require a display or display service.

One of the most used for this purpose is wkhtmltopdf. wkhtmltopdf is an open source (LGPLv3) and much effective command-line shell utility that enables user to convert any given HTML (Web Page) to PDF document or an image (jpg, png, etc). Wkhtmltopdf is written in C++ programming language and distributed under GNU/GPL (General Public License). It uses Qt WebKit rendering engine. layout engine to convert HTML pages to PDF document without loosing the quality of the pages and do not require a display or display service. The latest stabel version of wkhtmltopdf is version 0.12.6, which was released on June 11, 2020.



Wkhtmltopdf Installation On Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

wkhtmltopdf installation processes are consist of several steps, namely :

  1. Download wkhtmltopdf
  2. Install wkhtmltopdf
  3. Using wkhtmltopdf

1. Download wkhtmltopdf

Before deploying wkthmltopdf application, firstly we have to update our ubuntu system. Just submit the command line : sudo apt update.

rapik@diginetapp01:~$ sudo apt update
Hit:1 http://repo.mysql.com/apt/ubuntu focal InRelease
Hit:2 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security InRelease
Hit:3 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal InRelease
Hit:4 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates InRelease
Hit:5 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports InRelease
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
248 packages can be upgraded. Run 'apt list --upgradable' to see them.

Wkhtmltopdf version 0.12.26 has been already available and ready to be downloaded and install on our system to do so, we have to download it from its official website. For downloading it source, just issue the command line : wget https://github.com/wkhtmltopdf/packaging/releases/download/0.12.6-1/wkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb

rapik@diginetapp01:~$ wget https://github.com/wkhtmltopdf/packaging/releases/download/0.12.6-1/wkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb
--2020-10-22 23:54:02-- https://github.com/wkhtmltopdf/packaging/releases/download/0.12.6-1/wkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb
Resolving github.com (github.com)… 192.30.255.112
Connecting to github.com (github.com)|192.30.255.112|:443… connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 302 Found
Location: https://github-production-release-asset-2e65be.s3.amazonaws.com/131323182/10e1d800-ab93-11ea-862e-4f209c09ebf0?X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAIWNJYAX4CSVEH53A%2F20201023%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Date=20201023T065404Z&X-Amz-Expires=300&X-Amz-Signature=502a17f092ad44cfda8be9db83226c23a638f711a22186cc672415d2c28cbaa1&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&actor_id=0&key_id=0&repo_id=131323182&response-content-disposition=attachment%3B%20filename%3Dwkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb&response-content-type=application%2Foctet-stream [following]
--2020-10-22 23:54:04-- https://github-production-release-asset-2e65be.s3.amazonaws.com/131323182/10e1d800-ab93-11ea-862e-4f209c09ebf0?X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAIWNJYAX4CSVEH53A%2F20201023%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Date=20201023T065404Z&X-Amz-Expires=300&X-Amz-Signature=502a17f092ad44cfda8be9db83226c23a638f711a22186cc672415d2c28cbaa1&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&actor_id=0&key_id=0&repo_id=131323182&response-content-disposition=attachment%3B%20filename%3Dwkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb&response-content-type=application%2Foctet-stream
Resolving github-production-release-asset-2e65be.s3.amazonaws.com (github-production-release-asset-2e65be.s3.amazonaws.com)… 52.217.105.244
Connecting to github-production-release-asset-2e65be.s3.amazonaws.com (github-production-release-asset-2e65be.s3.amazonaws.com)|52.217.105.244|:443… connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 200 OK
Length: 15721382 (15M) [application/octet-stream]
Saving to: ‘wkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb’
wkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_a 100%[=====================================>] 14.99M 582KB/s in 72s
2020-10-22 23:55:19 (213 KB/s) - ‘wkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb’ saved [15721382/15721382]

The source file has been downloaded and located on working directory, just list it for ensuring. We will find the wkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb file.

rapik@diginetapp01:~$ pwd
/home/rapik
rapik@diginetapp01:~$ ls -ltr
total 15392
-rw-rw-r-- 1 rapik rapik 15721382 Jun 10 14:54 wkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb

2. Install wkhtmltopdf

Install it as the command line below :

rapik@diginetapp01:~$ sudo apt install ./wkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
Note, selecting 'wkhtmltox' instead of './wkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb'
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
linux-headers-5.4.0-26 linux-headers-5.4.0-26-generic linux-image-5.4.0-26-generic
linux-modules-5.4.0-26-generic linux-modules-extra-5.4.0-26-generic
Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them.
The following additional packages will be installed:
xfonts-75dpi
The following NEW packages will be installed:
wkhtmltox xfonts-75dpi
0 upgraded, 2 newly installed, 0 to remove and 248 not upgraded.
Need to get 3,368 kB/19.1 MB of archives.
After this operation, 144 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] Y
Get:1 /home/rapik/wkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb wkhtmltox amd64 1:0.12.6-1.focal [15.7 MB]
Get:2 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal/universe amd64 xfonts-75dpi all 1:1.0.4+nmu1 [3,368 kB]
Fetched 3,368 kB in 3min 2s (18.5 kB/s)
Selecting previously unselected package xfonts-75dpi.
(Reading database … 217539 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack …/xfonts-75dpi_1%3a1.0.4+nmu1_all.deb …
Unpacking xfonts-75dpi (1:1.0.4+nmu1) …
Selecting previously unselected package wkhtmltox.
Preparing to unpack …/wkhtmltox_0.12.6-1.focal_amd64.deb …
Unpacking wkhtmltox (1:0.12.6-1.focal) …
Setting up xfonts-75dpi (1:1.0.4+nmu1) …
Setting up wkhtmltox (1:0.12.6-1.focal) …
Processing triggers for man-db (2.9.1-1) …
Processing triggers for fontconfig (2.13.1-2ubuntu3) …
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.31-0ubuntu9) …
Install wkhtmltopdf on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

then verify it by querying its version, just submit command line: wkthmltopdf --version.

rapik@diginetapp01:~$ wkhtmltopdf --version
wkhtmltopdf version 0.12.26



3. Using wkhtmltopdf

On this section, we will use wkhtmltopdf to print the website from Ubuntu command line.

  1. working directory : /home/rapik
  2. web site to be printed : https://otodiginet.com/database/tools-database/how-to-install-oracle-sql-developer-on-ubuntu-18-04
  3. pdf file to be produced : install_oracle_developer_on_ubuntu.pdf

The command line is as follow :

wkhtmltopdf https://otodiginet.com/database/tools-database/how-to-install-oracle-sql-developer-on-ubuntu-18-04 install_oracle_developer_on_ubuntu.pdf

rapik@diginetapp01:~$ wkhtmltopdf https://otodiginet.com/database/tools-database/how-to-install-oracle-sql-developer-on-ubuntu-18-04 install_oracle_developer_on_ubuntu.pdf
Loading pages (1/6)
Warning: A finished ResourceObject received a loading finished signal. This might be an indication of an iframe taking too long to load.
Warning: A finished ResourceObject received a loading progress signal. This might be an indication of an iframe taking too long to load.
Counting pages (2/6)
Resolving links (4/6)
Loading headers and footers (5/6)
Printing pages (6/6)
Done

The pdf file has been created.

rapik@diginetapp01:~$ file install_oracle_developer_on_ubuntu.pdf
install_oracle_developer_on_ubuntu.pdf: PDF document, version 1.4

By using the pdf reader application we could open it properly.

pdf file as wkhtmltopdf command line executed.

Conclussion

The wkhtmltopdf is useful tools for producing pdf file. On this article, we have through the installation it properly. I hope it will be useful for you. Stay at home, stay safe and happy weekend.

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