How to install NginX on Ubuntu 18.04

How To Install NginX on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Besides Apache, Nginx is the most popular open source web server in use today. NginX is also known as powerful load balancing and reverse proxy. It was initially designed to solve scaling and concurrency problems with existing web servers. Currently, the NginX is responsible for hosting some of the largest and highest-traffic sites on the internet. At this article we will discuss how to install Nginx on Ubuntu 18.04.

At this article, installing Nginx will be divided up to several section.

For detail steps, it will be described briefly at the next section below.

Prerequisite

The Nginx is available as default repositories on Ubuntu Linux, it is possible to install it from these repositories using the apt packaging system. Before we begin the installation process, we should have a regular, non-root user with sudo privileges configured on our server. And also our system has sufficient disk size and internet connection, if the installation need the newer update.

Installing NGINX on Ubuntu 18.04

Nginx has been available as Ubuntu’s default repositories, so we use this repositories for installing Nginx by using the apt packaging system. As always we do any installations on our system we will update our local package index so that we have access to the most recent package listings. Afterwards, we can install nginx:

ramans@ubuntu:~$ sudo apt update
how to instll nginx on Ubuntu | prerequisite

The next step is just installing the nginx software from an existing updated Ubuntu repositories.

ramans@ubuntu:~$ sudo apt install nginx
how to instll nginx on Ubuntu | Install

Until now, the Nginx installation was completed done, where the Nginx package has been unpacked and copied to the system.

Verify NGINX Services

After installation, the next step is to verify if the web server has been already be up and running. We can check with the systemd init system to make sure the service is running by typing:

ramans@ubuntu:~$ systemctl status nginx
how to instll nginx on Ubuntu | check service

Adjusting the Firewall

Nginx registers itself as a service with ufw upon installation. The firewall software needs to be adjusted to allow access to the Nginx services. Making it straightforward to allow Nginx access. To verify the firewall, it can be execute the command below :

ramans@ubuntu:~$ sudo ufw app list

The output could be :

Available applications:
   CUPS
   Nginx Full
   Nginx HTTP
   Nginx HTTPS
how to instll nginx on Ubuntu | firewall adjustment

There are three profiles available for Nginx :

  • Nginx Full: open both port 80 (normal, unencrypted web traffic) and port 443 (TLS/SSL encrypted traffic)
  • Nginx HTTP: open only port 80 (normal, unencrypted web traffic)
  • Nginx HTTPS: open only port 443 (TLS/SSL encrypted traffic)

We can enable one of three or all profiles, with the command:

ramans@ubuntu sudo ufw allow 'Nginx HTTP'

The next step is to verfify the firewall status by submiting command :

ramans@ubuntu sudo ufw status

Checking NGINX Application

After verifiying Nginx services and allowing the port on firewall adjustment steps, the last step is to check the Nginx applications. It should be running and binding on http service. The test is just a small task by using browser we just hit the url as http://our_server_ip.

how to instll nginx on Ubuntu | checking via browser

Note : to know the ip address in our system, we can check by submiting the command ifconfig -a, as shown below.

 ramans@ubuntu:~$ ifconfig -a
 ens33: flags=4163  mtu 1500
         inet 192.168.59.148  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.59.255
         inet6 fe80::9567:7aa6:9181:90e9  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20

         ether 00:0c:29:7c:03:98  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
         RX packets 23547  bytes 30721219 (30.7 MB)
         RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
         TX packets 12589  bytes 1006618 (1.0 MB)
         TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0
 lo: flags=73  mtu 65536
         inet 127.0.0.1  netmask 255.0.0.0
         inet6 ::1  prefixlen 128  scopeid 0x10
         loop  txqueuelen 1000  (Local Loopback)
         RX packets 709  bytes 70527 (70.5 KB)
         RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
         TX packets 709  bytes 70527 (70.5 KB)
         TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0
Share this article via :

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *